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PhysicalFindings

systolic 2/6 murmur over the apex - mitral regurgitiation (radiates to axilla)
crackles 
- coarse - louder, long, low-pitched - airway secretion
- fine - soft, short, high-pitched - pulmonary fibrosis & acute pulmonary edema
- pleural - inflammation of pleura with fibrinous exudates
- Skoda's - heard through consolidated tissues in pneumonia
NOTE: crackles is a sign of left-ventricular dysfunction and CF
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