ICU‎ > ‎

ARDS - Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome

Definition:

ARDS is a syndrome, not a specific disease, which causes lung
alveoli to fill with fluid and collapse, causing life-threatening
lung failure.  ARDS is characterized the following findings:

1. acute dyspnea
2. bilateral infiltrates on CXR
3. inciting condition (bleed, trauma, toxic injury)
4. PCWP < 18
5. PaO2 / FiO2 < 200

Causes:

Sepsis (30%)
Trauma
Lung Infection
Inhalation of Toxins / Stomach contents
Fat emboli
Near drowning
Massive Transfussions
Cardiopulmonary bypass surgery
Acute Pancreatitis
Certain Drugs (UW)
- diuretics - furosemide, thiazides
- IBD - sulfasalizine, 5-ASA
- immuno - azathioprine, L-asparginase
- seizure - valproic acid
- HIV - didanosine, pentaminide
- ABX - metronidazole, tetracyclines

http://www.pulmonologychannel.com/ards/index.shtml
ĉ
Marc Curvin,
Apr 19, 2010, 4:30 PM
Comments